The FDA ( Food and Drug Administration ) has approved Pradaxa capsules ( Dabigatran etexilate ) for the prevention of stroke and blood clots in patients with atrial fibrillation.
Pradaxa is an anticoagulant that acts by inhibiting thrombin, an enzyme in the blood that is involved in blood clotting. The safety and efficacy of Dabigatran etexilate were studied in a clinical trial comparing Pradaxa with the anticoagulant Warfarin ( Coumadin ). In the trial, patients taking Pradaxa had fewer strokes than those who took Warfarin.
Unlike warfarin, which requires patients to undergo periodic monitoring with blood tests, such monitoring is not necessary for Pradaxa.
As with other approved anti-clotting drugs, bleeding, including life-threatening and fatal bleeding, was among the most common adverse reactions reported by patients treated with Pradaxa. Gastrointestinal symptoms, including an uncomfortable feeling in the stomach ( dyspepsia ), stomach pain, nausea, heartburn, and bloating also were reported.
Pradaxa was approved with a Medication Guide that informs patients of the risk of serious bleeding. The guide will be distributed each time a patient fills a prescription for the medication.
Pradaxa will be available in 75 milligram and 150 milligram capsules.
Source: FDA, 2010